English and Scientific names:

Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera)

Number of individuals: 

1 ad. male moulting into breeding plumage

Locality: LOUISIANA: 


Specific Locality:

Elm Grove pond- adjacent Red River and large oxbow- immediately SW of Elm Grove, La., approx 1.5 miles from intersection of La. 164 and La. 71. The duck was near SW/central end of pond in shallow area.

Date(s) when observed:


Time(s) of day when observed:  

approx 4:30 to 4:45 pm

Reporting observer and address:

Terry Davis
Bossier City, La.

Other observers accompanying reporter who also identified the bird(s):

Pat Lonnecker was with me. She admittedly could see the overall color of the head and neck of the bird but due to her sight condition, could not make out all necessary features at the time and was not certain of the identity.

Other observers who independently identified the bird(s)


Light conditions (position of bird in relation to shade and to direction and amount of light):

Mostly sunny with scattered (25% in notes) cumulus. Sun to W, NW, and SW of observation points.

Optical equipment: 

Fujinon 80 ED scope in good optical condition

Brunton Eterna 11x45 binoculars in good optical condition.


Distance to bird(s): 

75 to 125 yards

Duration of observation:

10+,- minutes.


shallow, weedy end of large, open pond. Immediate area with much scattered emergent vegetation= Cephalanthus, also aquatic weeds/moss. Other dabblers present nearby and in general area were 15 GWTE, males eclipse, 1 eclipse male AMWI, 40 BWTE- males eclipse.Bird was resting when found, also observed resting but more alert with neck raised higher.

Behavior of bird: 

I was scanning a gp of BWTE through the scope, hit a blank area, then 2 ducks away from a larger gp. which were mostly sideways, slightly facing our direction. I scanned past the female BWTE and passed the male CITE- the color and bill shape taking a second or two to register. I immediately went back to the CITE and said \"I think I have a male CITE....\" I observed the resting duck and showed Pat. I walked 50+,- yards to the E with bins to get another angle. I also moved the scope 50+,- yards to the N for a better look at sides. I was certain of the id by the last look. I did not approach the birds closely so as not to flush birds there or past the area that had yet to be surveyed.   


Med/small-sized duck with notably spatulate bill and noticably red eye. Overall solid warm, deep cinnamon coloration to head and neck, somewhat in sides. Dark bill. Head and neck was mostly alternate-plumaged, lower neck near breast with scattered duller flecks remaining of eclipse plumage. Sid!
 es moreso eclipse, brownish, but warm with fuzzier pattern. Back warm brownish, scapulars and tertials, back pattern overall notably also more diffuse than female BWTE which was was sitting 3+,- feet from indiv. BWTE had notably more vermiculated appearance to sides and back, colder more gray-brown plumage, especially in face and rather strong post-ocular stripe. Notable difference in overall color and bill shape was aparent. Size of bill also appearing notably larger on CITE. I did not record notes of overall head shape. no speculum was visible during the observation.




Similar species:

1. Blue-winged teal- By the alternately-plumaged color of head and neck and red eye. Warmer and overall more blurry pattern to sides and back than all nearby BWTE. Larger bill size with more spatulate tip.

2.  Hybrid was not considered at the time although many reference pics of male CITE/BWTE studied thereafter. No white noted whatsoever at base of bill during observation or greenish gloss to head.

Photographs or tape recordings obtained?


Previous experience with this species: 

Observed several with BWTE some years ago near Ballinger in Runnels Co. Tex. In our area only twice, once of adm in fall at Paul Dicksons\' deer farm on Leonard rd., the other in another year was a fall, almost entirely eclipse male, possibly 2 (possible female) in pond E of hwy 1, one half mile south of confluence with Yearwood rd. I did not turn in the record although reasonably sure at the time. I have observed many fall BWTE over the years. Some have had rusty, stained appearing plumage and occasionally an indiv. looks large-billed, warmer, or more diffusely patterned.

Identification aids:

Sibley and Nat Geo after sighting.

This description is written from: 


Are you positive of your identification? If not, explain: 



Date and time: 

10-02-2009 4:19 p.m.